ASP.NET Framework: Components, Basic Architecture and Features


.Net framework is a software development platform that provides tools and technologies for developing Windows, web and enterprise applications. This framework basically creates applications for Windows either it is a computer, tab or mobile device.

There exists several ASP .Net development company that provides .Net development services all across the globe. The reason behind net mobile app development via .Net framework is its architectural design and features.

Here, in this article, we are briefly going to describe the components, architecture, and features to make you understand its use in a software development company.

.Net Framework Architecture

This framework is used for creating both Web-based and Form-based applications. It also supports different programming languages like C# and Visual Basics. So developers have options to choose the language for the development of the required application.

The Microsoft .NET architecture is a simple programming model for the .NET development platform which provides simplified development, deployment and integration in the presence of a wide range of programming languages.


The .Net framework is used in making several types of applications like:

  • Window Application
  • Web Application
  • Console Application
  • WCF Application
  • WPF Application
  • Mobile Application
  • Facebook Application, etc.

Introduction Of .Net Framework Components

The architecture of this software development framework is based on the following components:

Common Language Runtime (CLR)

.Net Framework provides a runtime environment called CLR – Common Language Runtime to run all the .Net Programs in such a way that programmers have nothing to worry on code management when the programs are running in the CLR.

Programmatically, when the program needs memory, the CLR allocates and de-allocates the memory as per need. Language Compilers like C#, J#, VB.NET Shop, etc. converts the program or code to Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL) which further gets converted to a Native Code by the CLR.

Currently, there are more than 15 language compilers built by Microsoft and other big development companies and all these languages execute under CLR.”

.Net Framework Class Library (FCL)

Also known as Base Class Library and its usage is very common in various types of applications. The following applications make use of .Net class library.

  • Windows Application
  • Console Application
  • Web Application
  • XML Web Services
  • Windows Services.

In short, developers merely need to import the BCL in their language code and use its properties and predefined methods to implement functions like reading & writing to file, graphics rendering, XML document manipulation, and database interaction.

Common Type System (CTS)

It describes a set of data types used in the different .Net languages which interact with each other. For communicating between the programs written in .NET compliant language, the data types must be compatible at the basic level.

The CTS components also specify how the definitions and specific values of the data types are represented in computer memory.

Common Language Specification (CLS)

It is a subset of CTS having a set of rules which are needed to be adhered or satisfied by language compilers while targeting Common Language Runtime component. The CLS also helps in cross-language debugging and inheritance.

The pre-defined rules describe rules to produce a code that can be well-hosted by CLR and works well in a .NET environment.”

A software development company uses .Net framework not only because of its components and managed programming architecture but due to its features that makes application development easy, either it is a software app development or a net mobile app development.

.Net Framework Features: ASP Net Solutions

.Net supports building and running applications and you can get the help of various .Net web development solutions provided by a custom software development company in USA.

It is a general-purpose development platform by the Microsoft which favors the development with extensive features, fewer efforts, and superb quality.

A few features of .Net framework is as follows:

  • Cross-platform & container support
  • High performance
  • Asynchronous via async/await
  • Unified MVC & Web API frameworks
  • Multiple environments and development mode
  • Dependency Injection
  • Self-hosted Web Applications
  • Regular programming model
  • Easy and efficient development effort
  • Secure your program
  • UI best practices are usually more constant

If these features are able to entice you for your development goals, then you can hire .Net developers in USA or can outsource ASP .NET development services at affordable prices.